Polymer chemistry is combining several specialized fields of expertise. It deals not only with the chemical synthesis, Polymer Structures and chemical properties of polymers which were esteemed by Hermann Staudinger as macromolecules but also covers other aspects of Novel synthetic and polymerization methods, Reactions and chemistry of polymers, properties and characterization of polymers, Synthesis and application of polymer bio conjugation and also Polymer Nano composites and architectures. According to IUPAC recommendations, macromolecules are considered relevant to the individual molecular chains and are the domain of chemistry. Industrial polymer chemistry has particular attention on the end-use application of products, with a smaller emphasis on applied research and preparation.

 The field of Nanotechnology is one of the most popular areas for current research and development in basically all technical disciplines. This obviously includes polymer Nanotechnology which include microelectronics (which could now be referred to as nanomaterial  ). Other areas include polymer-based biomaterials, nanomedicine drug delivery, Nano emulsion particles, fuel cell electrode polymer bound catalysts, layer-by-layer self-assembled polymer films, electrospun  nanofibrications, imprint lithography, polymer blends and Nano composites. Even in the field of nanocomposites, many diverse topics exist including composite reinforcement, barrier properties, flame resistance, electro-optical properties, cosmetic applications, bactericidal properties. Nanotechnology is not new to polymer science as prior studies before the age of nanotechnology involved Nano scale dimensions but were not specifically referred to as nanotechnology until recently. Phase separated polymer blends often achieve Nano scale phase dimensions; block copolymer domain morphology is usually at the Nano scale level; asymmetric membranes often have Nano scale void structure, mini emulsion particles In the large field of nanotechnology, polymer matrix based Nano composites have become a prominent area of current research and development. Exfoliated clay-based Nano composites have dominated the polymer literature but there are a large number of other significant areas of current and emerging interests like biomedical applications, electrical/electronic/optoelectronic applications and fuel cell interests. The important question of the “Nano-effect” of nanoparticle or fiber inclusion relative to their larger scale counterparts is addressed relative to industrial crystallization and glass transition behavior.

Polymers offer extent opportunities towards newer applications in industrial science important areas. There is a great prerequisite, to have an intrinsic approach towards this compatible relationship of polymers and their performance. Before going in to brief description of polymer we now look into the outlook of the polymer science. The polymer has been with us from the beginning of time they form the very basic building blocks of life. Starting from animals, plants and human beings all classes of living organisms are composed of polymers .the term polymer is derived from Greek its nothing but ‘many parts’. The polymer is long chain molecule made up of small particles called monomers. It is also called as macromolecule polymer is a raw material which we used to call as plastic. Which is true man-made materials.as we shall see in subsequent discussions the use of polymeric materials has permeated every facet of our lives.it is hard to imagine today’s world with all its luxury and comfort without man-made polymeric industries

Polymer physics is an interdisciplinary of physics which deals with polymers, their fluctuations, mechanical properties, polymer structures and also with the kinetics.it includes theory and experimental behavior of polymeric solution The analytical approach for polymer physics is based on a similarity between a polymer and either a Brownian motion or another type of a random walk, the self-avoiding walk. The simplest desirable polymer model is presented by the ideal chain, corresponding to a simple random walk. These fact-finding methods also helped the mathematical modeling of polymers and even for a better understanding of the properties of polymers.

Polymer industry manufactures and researches natural and synthetic polymers such as plastics, elastomers and some of the adhesives. Polymer research is a subfield of material science that encompasses the fields of chemistry, physics and engineering. Polymer chemistry branch does large scale polymer synthesis and chemical analysis as well as small scale research and development of novel polymer materials.

Polymer Materials Science is an interdisciplinary English language Master's programme in the field of polymer science. You will obtain a multifaceted education in one of the central industrial growth sectors. Nowadays, polymer research is performed as a multidisciplinary collaboration among physicists, chemists, and engineers who are seeking new knowledge on making, characterising, processing, and understanding the molecular basis of novel functional materials. Our course programme is research oriented and offers a polymer synthetic or a polymer physical specialisation. It thus qualifies you for work in industry as well as advanced training on the PhD level.

In application prospects and performance characteristics and in property range and diversity, polymers offer novelty and versatility that can hardly be matched by any other kind of materials. Polymers are huge macromolecules composed of repeating structural units called monomers. Polymer developments not only include synthesis but also its structural –functional relationship, polymer bio conjugation, and novel polemerization methods.In Polymerization, many monomers are joined  together in a chemical reaction  to form macromolecules of different sizes and shapes. Polymers are popular in everyday life - from plastics and elastomers on the one side to natural biopolymers such as DNA and proteins on the other hand.

Biopolymers are polymers that can be found in or manufactured by living organisms. These also involve polymers that are obtained from renewable resources that can be used to manufacture bioplastics by polymerization. There are primarily two types of biopolymer, one that's obtained from living organisms and another that's created from renewable resources however need polymerization. Those created by living beings include proteins and carbohydrates.
Bioplastics are plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable fats and oils, corn starch, straw, woodchips, food waste, etc. Bioplastic can be made from agricultural by-products and also from used plastic bottles and other containers using microorganisms. Common plastics, like fossil-fuel plastics (also known as petrobased polymers) are derived from petroleum or natural gas. Not all bioplastics are perishable non- biodegrade more readily than commodity fossil-fuel derived plastics. Bioplastics are sometimes derived from sugar derivatives, including starch, cellulose, carboxylic acid. As of 2014, bioplastics pictured roughly zero.2% of the worldwide polymer market. Bioplastics are the plastics that are created by using biodegradable polymers.
Plastic production
Food packaging
Surface and Interfaces of Biopolymers
3D printing of materials in Biopolymers
Polymer hybrid assemblies

Polymer Compounds essentially consist of small and identical molecules referred to as monomers. In a polymers compound, these monomers are linked together. Compared to other molecules, polymer ranks highest in molecular weight. Polymers used by manufactures like polyvisions to create other useful objects including plastics, rubber, glass, etc

Polymers have become a necessary commodity of everyday life and are used for manufacturing of hundreds of things of our daily use from house hold items to transportation and communication. Polymers are also used in medicine; however, all the polymers cannot be used for this purpose. For medical applications, a polymer should have the following properties: (a) bio-safe and non-toxic which means that it should be non-carcinogenic, non-teratogenic, non-mutagenic, non-cytotoxic, non-pyrogenic, nonhemolytic, non-allergenic and chronically non-inflammative etc. (b) must be effective in terms of functionality, durability, and performance (c) must be interfacial, mechanically and biologically biocompatible and (d) sterilizable through different techniques like autoclave, dry heating, electron beam irradiation etc. It should also be chemically inert and very stable i.e. it should not decay or disintegrate to give obnoxious toxic products with the passage of time especially when it is intended to be implanted within body. The selection of a polymer for a particular medical application is also made upon the basis of its host response. Therefore a biopolymer is any polymeric non-viable material which is used in medical devices or applications that where it is intended to interact with biological systems such as tissues, cells, bones, blood and any other living substance

Polymers play a major role in the development of drug delivery technology by release of two types of drugs like hydrophilic and hydrophobic. in a synchronized manner and constant release of formulations over extended periods. There are numerous advantages of polymers acting as an inert carrier to that a drug are often conjugated, for example the polymer improves the pharmacokinetic  and pharmacodynamic properties of biopharmaceuticals through varied ways, like plasma ½ life, decreases the immunogenicity, build ups the steadiness of biopharmaceuticals, improves the solubility of low molecular weight drugs, and has a potential of targeted drug delivery.

The science of polymers, more specifically, synthesis, characterization, and physicochemical properties in solutions, has wide application in the petroleum industry, which uses polymers as components of fluids or additives to correct problems that affect oil production and/or increase production costs.

Polymers have played an integral role in the advancement of drug delivery technology by providing controlled release of therapeutic agents in constant doses over long periods, cyclic dosage, and tunable release of each hydrophilic and hydrophobic medication. From early beginnings using off-the-shelf materials, the field has grown tremendously, driven partially by the innovations of chemical engineers. modern advances in drug delivery square measure currently predicated upon the rational design of polymers tailored for specific cargo and engineered to exert distinct biological functions.
The traditional polymer materials are available today, especially the plastics, which is the result for decades of evolution. Their production is extremely efficient in terms of utilization of raw materials and energy, as well as of waste release. These products show an excellent property like impermeability to water and microorganisms, high mechanical strength, low density especially for transporting goods, and it is low-cost due to manufacturing scale and process optimization. However, some of their most useful features, the chemical, physical and biological inertness, and durability resulted in their accumulation in the environment if not recycled. Unfortunately, the accumulation ofplastics, along with other materials, is becoming a serious problem for all countries in the world. These materials occupy significant volume in landfills and dumps today. Recently, the presences of huge amounts of plastic waste items are dumped into the oceans has been observed, considerable part of them coming from the streets, going through the drains with the rain, and then going into the rivers and lakes, and then to the oceans. These materials are harmful for living organism and it can affect the ecosystem too. So, these wastes should be recycled or managed under proper method. As a result, there is a very strong and irreversible movement, in all countries of the world, to use materials that do not harm the planet, that is, low environmental impact materials.
Recovery and Recycling of Organic Wastes
Waste Management
Classified Waste Materials
Waste Items

Smart functional polymers have gained a huge amount of interest in recent times due to their innumerable applications in areas including sensors, actuators, switchable wettability, bio-medical and environmental applications. varied intensive analysis studies are administered to develop good useful polymers victimisation stimuli responsive chemical compound moieties.
Organic polymers is used as the active component of sensors, smart materials, chemical-delivery systems and the active layer of solar cells. The rational design and modification of the chemical structure of polymers has enabled control over their properties and morphology, leading to the advancement of nanotechnology.

Rheology laboratory testing of polymers to determine the rheological (flow) properties of materials, gels and pastes, to optimise process and properties. Polymer Rheology testing is the study of how the stress in a material or force applied is related to deformation and flow of the material.
Understanding the rheological properties of polymers through laboratory testing will help to optimize products and process conditions, thereby saving prices and minimizing potential waste.  Our polymer science experts perform rheological property testing on a wide range of polymers such as polyolefins, liquids, adhesives, gels and pastes employing a big selection of temperatures and deformation rates (both shear and extensional). rheology tests square measure performed whereas the polymer is within the melt part or whereas the polymer has been dissolved in a solvent for intrinsic viscosity and relative viscosity.

  • Novel and synthetic polymerization methods
  • Renewable polymer synthesis
  • Advanced characterization of polymers
  • Macromolecular structure and function
  • Synthesis and application of novel polymers
  • Reactions and chemistry of polymers
  • Polymerization mechanisms and kinetics
  • Higher-order polymer structures
  • Structure-property relationships of polymers

Arrangement and substance plan of systems and gels: controlled polymerization strategies, natural and natural inorganic systems and gels, miniaturized scale and Nano composites, biopolymer gels, combination of mixture frameworks with biopolymer themes, physical gels, response.
Gelation, arrange development, and properties: structure changes during gelation and system development; static and dynamic properties, swelling balance and elements, gel condition of issue: from fluids to solids on schedule/temperature scales; recreation.
Polymer systems and gels at work/administration: gels in life sciences, controlled medication discharge and focusing on, responsive gels in biomedical and indicative applications, gel builds, contact focal points and eye gadgets, systems and gels from inexhaustible assets.
  • Inhomogeneous Network Formation
  • Networks with Gaussian Behavior
  • Macro- and Microsyneresis
  • Characterization of Gel Structure by Means of SAXS and SANS

A progression of polymers equipped for self-amassing into boundless systems through supramolecular collaborations have been planned, combined, and described for use in 3D printing applications. The biocompatible polymers and their composites with silica nanoparticles were effectively used to store both basic cubic structures, just as a progressively mind boggling contorted pyramidal component. The polymers were observed to be not lethal to a chondrogenic cell line, as indicated by ISO 10993-5 and 10993-12 standard tests and the cells appended to the supramolecular polymers as shown by confocal microscopy. Silica nanoparticles were then scattered inside the polymer grid, yielding a composite material which was upgraded for inkjet printing. The half breed material demonstrated guarantee in starter tests to encourage the 3D statement of a progressively mind-boggling structure.
A progression of polymers equipped for self-amassing into boundless systems through supramolecular collaborations have been planned, combined, and described for use in 3D printing applications. The biocompatible polymers and their composites with silica nanoparticles were effectively used to store both basic cubic structures, just as a progressively mind boggling contorted pyramidal component. The polymers were observed to be not lethal to a chondrogenic cell line, as indicated by ISO 10993-5 and 10993-12 standard tests and the cells appended to the supramolecular polymers as shown by confocal microscopy. Silica nanoparticles were then scattered inside the polymer grid, yielding a composite material which was upgraded for inkjet printing. The half breed material demonstrated guarantee in starter tests to encourage the 3D statement of a progressively mind-boggling structure.

The foremost challenges in the upcoming decades will be the increase in population, the concentration of people in expansive urban centers, and globalization, and the expected change of climate. Hence, the main concerns for humans in the future will be energy & resources, food, health, mobility & infrastructure and communication. There is no doubt that polymers will play a key role in finding successful ways in handling these challenges. Polymers will be the material of the new millennium and the production of polymeric parts i.e. green, sustainable, energy-efficient, high quality, low-priced, etc. will assure the accessibility of the finest solutions round the globe. Synthetic polymers have since a long time played a relatively important role in present-day medicinal practice. Many devices in medicine and even some artificial organs are constructed with success from synthetic polymers. It is possible that synthetic polymers may play an important role in future pharmacy, too. Polymer science can be applied to save energy and improve renewable energy technologies
Polymers in bulletproof vests and fire-resistant jackets
Polymeric solar cells
Polymers for electrophotography
Polymers in compact disk technology
Polymer dielectrics for electronics
Implanted polymers for drug delivery
Polymers in diagnostics
Dental composites
Polymers in Implants and Medical Devices

Biological macromolecules which are necessary for life include carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins. These are the important cellular components and perform a wide array of functions necessary for the survival and growth of living organisms. These play a critical role in cell structure and function. Most biological macromolecules are polymers, which are any molecules constructed by linking together many smaller molecules, called monomers. Typically, all the monomers in a polymer tend to be the same, or at least very similar to each other, linked over and over again to build up the larger macromolecule. These simple monomers can be linked in many different combinations to produce complex biological polymers. The roles of macromolecules in living systems as information storage systems (as DNA) and in biochemical synthesis have been much studied and are relatively well understood and the roles of polymers in biological lubrication and its relation both to diseases such as osteoarthritis and to remedies such as tissue engineering. Protein polymers are available in large quantities in biology, and a huge variety of distinct filaments can be found and Protein misfolding can be a route to pathological polymerization in diseases from Alzheimer’s to Parkinson’s. Synthetic polymers without difficulty can be formed from peptides and these are being studied for many causes, from forming new biomaterials to drug delivery/imaging. The demand for bio-based polymers is assumed to surge during the estimated period of 2015-2019 owing to the favorable regulatory outlook. The global biomarkers market is expected to reach US $45.55 Billion by 2020 from $24.10 Billion in 2015, at a CAGR of 13.58% through 2015 and 2020.
Bio resorbable polymers
Polymers in crop plantation
Polymers for biosensors
Polymers in biotechnology
Bio elastomers
Bio composites

Composite material is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components Polymer compositesare high-performance composites, framed using 3Dfabric reinforcement and shape memory polymer resin as the matrix. In consideration of shape memory polymer resinused as the matrix, these composites gain the potential to be easily engineered into variety of configurations when they are heated above their activation temperatures and will exhibit high strength and stiffness at lower temperatures. They can also be reheated and reshaped again without losing their properties. Polymer technology has an effective impact in developing advanced polymeric materials which are useful in day to day life. Composite material, the wonder materials are becoming an essential part of today’s materials due to the advantages such as low weight, corrosion resistance, high fatigue strength, and faster assembly. They are broadly used as materials in making aircraft structures, electronic packaging to biomedical equipment, and space vehicle to home building.

The polymers, a word that we hear about it a lot, is very vital and one cannot imagine the life without it. Polymers, a large class of materials, consist of many small molecules named monomers that are linked together to form long chains and are used in a lot of products and goods that we use in daily life
Polymers are encountered in everyday life and are used for many purposes! Polymers are chains made of monomer subunits. A monomer is a repeating chemical unit. The structure and chemical composition of the polymer chain determines the physical properties of the material. What are some items made from polymeric materials that you frequently use? (Listen to student responses.) Polymers are used to make electronic components, paint, plastic bottles, sunglass lenses, DVDs and so much more! Polymeric materials are usually derived from petroleum or oil, but significant research is underway to develop novel methods of producing these materials using renewable energy sources.

Physical chemistry, Branch of chemistry concerned with interactions and transformations of materials. Unlike other branches, it deals with the principles of physics underlying all chemical interactions (e.g., gas laws), seeking to measure, correlate, and explain the quantitative aspects of reactions. Quantum mechanics has clarified much for physical chemistry by modeling the smallest particles ordinarily dealt with in the field, atoms and molecules, enabling theoretical chemists to use computers and sophisticated mathematical techniques to understand the chemical behaviour of matter. Chemical thermodynamics deals with the relationship between heat and other forms of chemical energy, kinetics with chemical reaction rates. Subdisciplines of physical chemistry include electrochemistry, photochemistry (see photochemical reaction), surface chemistry, and catalysis

Pharmaceutical chemistry is the study of drugs, and it involves drug development. This includes drug discovery, delivery, absorption, metabolism, and more. There are elements of biomedical analysis, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics. Pharmaceutical chemistry work is usually done in a lab setting.

A program that prepares individuals to apply scientific principles and technical skills to the operation of chemical processing equipment in industries such as chemical manufacturing, petroleum refining, pharmaceutical manufacturing, and waste water treatment. Includes instruction in mathematics, chemistry, and physics; computer applications; chemical and refinery plant operations, processes, and equipment; safety, health, and environment; instrumentation; troubleshooting; and applications to specific industries.

Nanoscience and technology is the branch of science that studies systems and manipulates matter on atomic, molecular and supramolecular scales (the nanometre scale). On such a length scale, quantum mechanical and surface boundary effects become relevant, conferring properties on materials that are not observable on larger, macroscopic length scales

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